Thursday, July 8, 2021

Origins of Ethnomethodology and its history - summary

The ethnomethodological approach was developed by Harold Garfinkel, based on his analysis of traditional sociological theories (especially those of Emile DurkheimMax Weber, and Telcot Parsons ). Also influenced by teachings of Thomas Hobbes. What phenomenological approach of the  Aron Gurwitsch, Alfred Schutz and Edmund Husserl .

Ethnomethodology has been and still is a significant and significant influence in the study of the social sciences. For example, ethnomethodology has always focused on the ways in which words' meaning depends on the context in which they exist. This interest has led to insights and distinctions about the question of the objectivity of the social sciences, and about the difficulty in creating a complete and holistic description of human behavior, which has an objective status, outside the particular descriptive formulation. Moreover, ethnomethodology has a very practical impact on the study of linguistics (linguistics), which has led to the birth of a new discipline of conversation analysis.

Ethnomethodological studies of work have played an important role in the "human-computer interaction" industry. The findings of these studies improved many models by providing engineers with descriptions of computer user habits. Ethnomethodology also influenced the sociology of scientific knowledge by providing a research approach that describes the social practices (methods) of the same research subjects as opposed to the conventional approach, which evaluates the validity of those social practices from a normative and forced point of view. This approach has proven effective for researchers studying the social order in laboratory conditions, seeking to understand how scientists conduct their experiments according to traditional scientific criteria without supporting or criticizing their actions.