A dictatorship of the proletariat is a concept coined by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in their book The Communist Manifesto .
The meaning of the term "dictatorship of the proletariat", which appears in Marxist and Communist thought , is the exclusive control of the working class over the means of government and the means of production . Marx argued that in the bourgeois countries there is a " dictatorship of the bourgeoisie": even if there is democracy in them it serves only the capitalists, Because the whole political system takes care of the empowerment of the rich: for example, due to electoral laws and meansless advertising costs can not deal equally with the capitalists, and due to liberal property laws, the structure of ownership of the means of production can not be changed. In contrast to the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie, the dictatorship of the proletariat, which, according to Marx, was to arise after a socialist revolution, would be a working democracy. For example, factory workers will elect their managers. Also, in the dictatorship of the proletariat the workers will be determined by the institutions of government. According to Marx, the dictatorship of the proletariat is the last step on the road to communism, which is "the democracy of the proletariat," in which there is no longer a central government.