The Jungian typology is a theory of psychological types proposed in 1920 by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung in his book Psychological Types to characterize the psychological mode of a subject.
It results in distinguishing sixteen psychological types, according to the dominant cognitive function (four possibilities), its introverted or extroverted orientation, and the orientation of the auxiliary cognitive function on the complementary axis.
Jung's psychological types should be seen as tools for diagnosing differences in psychological functioning between individuals. Instead of reproaching a person for his way of thinking, we can understand that this person is of a different type and therefore approaches the world according to priorities other than his own. Differences in psychological types can be used as a tool to understand how others function differently. These types are applicable, according to Jung, to all cultures.
I to E - introversion to extraversion
This describes the motivation to experience the senses. This distinction is widely used. An outside-oriented person is more sociable and ready to act, an inside-oriented person is more concentrated and more intense. One also speaks of the tendency towards breadth (E) to depth (I) of the sensory experience.
Here is a uniform distribution assumed in the population.
N to S - intuition to sensing
This describes the processing of sensory impressions, the sensory mind weights the “raw data” or immediate impressions the highest, the intuitive mind relies more on its sixth sense , i.e. on its speculations and assumptions. The sensory mind is detail-oriented and more adept at precisely processing concrete information and assessing reality. The intuitive mind pays more attention to the whole than to its parts and is more adept at recognizing laws, relationships and possibilities.
It is believed that sensors make up about two-thirds to three-quarters of the population.
F to T – Feeling bis Thinking
This describes the way in which decisions are made. The thinker looks at the information available to him from a rational point of view and tries to use logic to arrive at objective knowledge and optimal decisions. Since he loves clarity, he strongly categorizes the sensory impressions available to him. The feeling (feeling) pays more attention to his emotions . He judges subjectively according to his feelings and primarily takes values, ideals or interpersonal aspects into account.
Here, it is assumed that the distribution is even with slightly more sensors. At the same time, this is where the greatest gender imbalance exists: it is estimated that around two thirds of thinkers are men and around two thirds of feelers are women.
J to P - judging to perceiving
This describes the certainty with which one makes decisions and stands by them. Either you are open to new impressions and are ready to rethink your decisions and plans in favor of new information. This also means that one acts more spontaneously and can adapt to irregular circumstances more flexibly (perceiving). In contrast, there is determination. The judge already decides before he has all the information and holds fast to decisions and paths taken even under adverse circumstances. He prefers to act systematically and according to plan. If necessary, plans are adjusted, but they are reluctantly discarded completely. The judge also has a stronger tendency to dominate and control. He shows less spontaneity in action , but more discipline and consistency.
In this dimension, an approximately equal distribution can be assumed.