Analytical Psychology or Jungian Psychology is a current in psychology based on the thought of Carl Gustav Jung and expanded by his students and successors.
Carl Jung, who was a student of Sigmund Freud , disagreed with some of Morrow's psychoanalytic theory . In 1912 published Jung the "Psychology of the Unconscious ", which is interpreted differently than the Freud's psychoanalysis . This publication caused a rift with Freud, and the development of a semi-independent approach, which still draws its principles from Freud's approach. Analytical psychology makes extensive use of the concepts of archetype and Collective Unconscious . Jung accepted the Freudian mind model approach that speaks to the unconsciousThe personal and argued that an individual without the personal conscious also exists in human beings as a collective unconscious which is the unconscious layer common to all human beings. Jung's collective unconscious includes archetypes that are forms or symbols that seemingly exist in all human beings in all cultures. The collective unconscious is the structure that has the most impact on personality, it includes all the treasure trove of experiences that have accumulated over generations of the existence of the human race, and have remained as traces of memory in the human brain. These traces of memory from the ancient past are inherited, and are ingrained in man as innate tendencies to respond or behave in a certain way, depending on the culture and heritage in which he was born.
A significant difference between Jung's analytical psychology and Freud's approach is expressed in the weight given to human energy - Jung diminished the importance of factors such as dreams and the Oedipus complex , compared to Freud's, arguing that there are other significant factors in the human unconscious, such as common myths and archetypes. To all human cultures and belong to the collective unconscious . Another difference between the approaches is related to the theory of human development - Jung saw development as a continuous and continuous process, compared to Freud who spoke of stages that come to an end at the end of adolescence .